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H. Van Essen, Still life with fruit and animals (Oil on copper cm. 19X27)
An autographic letter by Alessandro Manzoni
La Sala delle Pale

The third edition of the Vocabolario (1691)


The third edition appeared in 1691 and was printed for the first time in Florence (the previous two editions were both printed in Venice).

Dedicated to Cosimo III de’ Medici, this third edition represented, from several points of view, a work that had not only grown in size (from one to three volumes) but also in quality: it took a long time to compile (the works began in 1648) and even men of science like Redi and Magalotti were involved in its compilation; Leopoldo de’ Medici, founder of the Accademia del Cimento and protector of the Accademia della Crusca, made his own personal contribution collecting technical terms from the arts and crafts which made their first tentative appearance in the Vocabolario, along with abstract verbs, diminutives, superlatives and augmentatives.

For this edition some fifty ancient authors and an equal number of modern authors were analysed: amongst them Tasso, Segneri, and Pallavicino, quoted whenever ancient documentary evidence was missing, or when it was necessary to demonstrate that a certain word was effectively in use.

During the preparatory works for the third edition, Dati started another project that didn't however come to fruition: an Italian etymological dictionary. He prepared a lot of material for this project with the help of Redi, but its completion was preempted by the publication, between 1666 and 1669, of the Origini della lingua italiana ('Origins of the Italian language'), by the Frenchman Gilles Ménage.

Dati's project was planned as part of the Accademia's program of creating new linguistic tools with a distinctive Florentine orientation, but when it became evident that this work was going to fail, the majority of the material collected was sent to Paris and so Ménage was assisted by an important Italian contribution: he got, among other things, all the etymologies prepared by Redi that were related, primarily, to the terminology of doctors and chemists, which had been the specific interest and specialism of the author.

    Notices by Crusca

    • Stati generali della lingua italiana nel mondo: L'italiano nel mondo che cambia

      The Stati generali will take place in Florence, from 21 to 22 October 2014, within the 14th Settimana della lingua italiana nel mondo (20-25 October 2014).
      Further information on the Stati Generali and on the Settimana della lingua are available in the section Events and News.

    • Exhibition La consulenza linguistica. Domande e risposte tra passato e presente

      Accademia della Crusca, June 2014 - March 2015

      See more

    Activities

    • A project by the Accademia della Crusca and the Liceo Scientifico "A.M. Enriques Agnoletti" (Sesto Fiorentino), with the collaboration of CAFRE of Pisa University, for Italian and scientific subjects teachers of primary and secundary schools.

    • The Piazza aims at the preservation and at carrying out activities for the promotion of multilingualism in the European Union; 2007-ongoing.

    • Digital integrated archive of didactic materials, iconographic and multimedia texts and documentation for the divulgation of  Italian linguistic and historical-cultural heritage, with special regard to the second and third generation Italians abroad; project FIRB; 2009-2013.

    See more